Investment arbitration has not been without its critics in recent years. Following the Achmea decision, which it has been said drove a stake through the heart of investment arbitration in the European Union, this mechanism has prompted criticism and the Latin American context is not exception.
The region has seen a few very important debates, of great interest to all the parties involved, on the subject of investment arbitration, including the use of discovery in investment arbitration, Ecuador's return to the ICSID Convention, and Colombia's success in investment disputes, all explained below.
The European Central Bank (ECB) plans to announce shortly whether it will launch a design and creation project for a digital euro, something which, as the institution itself has said, would have an immense impact. We need to know therefore what the digital euro would be legally and what implications it could have for many parties in the financial system and in particular for banks and other financial institutions.
China has been building up and improving its legal regime for recognition and enforcement of foreign awards since the nation joined the New York Convention in the 1980’s. In this article we give an overview on the key issues regarding the enforcement of foreign awards in this jurisdiction, taking into account the recent developments and opening-up reforms.
This edition of the European Employment Law Update is perhaps one of the most innovative editions that have been published in recent years. In fact, some of the regulations analyzed in this guide seemed impossible to apply just a few years ago.
The government has announced the allocation of an additional PLN 30 billion to continue support for entrepreneurs under the new anti-crisis programme in the second quarter of 2021. In April alone, the amounts paid out to entrepreneurs will total PLN 7 billion - by comparison, in March the sum of support amounted to PLN 3 billion. According to the government's announcements, the measures will mainly focus on maintaining jobs, but the new programme is also to be a background of the spring economic rebound that will follow the third wave of the pandemic.
The Spanish parliament has approved the Law amending the Companies Act (Legislative Royal Decree 1/2010, of July 2, 2010) and other pieces of financial legislation, as regards the encouragement of long-term shareholder engagement at listed companies.
The International Bar Association (IBA) approved, on December 17, 2020, the revised IBA Rules on the Taking of Evidence in International Arbitration (‘IBA Rules 2020’), finally published on February 17, 2021. The revised rules have been updated on matters related to remote hearings, cybersecurity, docent production, witness statements and expert reports, appointment of experts, cross-examination or the admissibility of evidence.