Startups & Open Innovation
The European Commission has just published its proposal to regulate digital services in two texts which even it considers ambitious: the Proposal for a Regulation on Digital Markets (analyzed here) and the Proposal on a Regulation for Digital Services (DSA) which we address below. In forthcoming articles, we will take a close look at the many changes that lie ahead. Today, by way of introduction, we provide a summary of the main obligations (and rights) contained in the Proposal for a Regulation on Digital Services.
The personal income tax legislation allows credits to be applied against the tax payable by individuals who make investments either directly or through a legal entity (e.g. through the formation of companies, capital increases, etc.).
In the previous five articles in this series (see here) we saw the reasons and setbacks associated with startups’ exclusive dependence on equity, and the advantages of debt, in what is also a favorable scenario for debt. We saw the difficulty to provide general recipes for getting debt and a few not very promising routes for startups. And looked at venture debt as a suitable mechanism for startups. Together with discussing the importance of security interests and of thinking up ways of using new intangibles, and in the latest article we suggested pledges of future revenues.
In the previous four articles in this series (see here) we looked at the key role of professional investors at startups, though also at the setbacks of the exclusive dependence of these types of companies on equity and the advantages debt would have for them. The environment, as we saw, is also a favorable one for borrowing. We described the difficulty to provide general recipes for getting debt and a few not very promising routes. In search of more successful mechanisms, we examined venture debt as a suitable route for startups. Our latest article researched routes going beyond venture debt and determined in particular the importance of security interests for raising debt. In view of the characteristic structure of startups’ balance sheets we also saw the need to find innovative security interests within the reach of these companies, especially in certain new types of intangibles.
In earlier articles in this series (see here) we looked at the key role of venture capital funds, the reasons and setbacks associated with startups’ exclusive dependence on equity rounds, together with the advantages that debt would have for them. We also determined that this is a promising environment for borrowing. Then we looked at the difficulty with providing general recipes for raising debt finance and a few routes that do not seem very promising for startups, such as commercial banks and their ordinary channels and conventional bond issues. In our latest article we explored venture debt as a suitable debt financing mechanism for startups. And here we analyze the importance of security interests and of thinking up ways to use new intangibles.
In earlier articles in this series (see here and here) we explained the reasons and setbacks, for founders in particular, of startups’ dependence on equity as the only source of finance, together with the advantages that debt would have for them. We also described how the environment is right for opening up routes to obtain debt finance. Lastly we looked at the difficulty with providing general recipes for raising debt finance and a few routes that do not appear to be very promising options for startups, such as commercial banks and their ordinary channels and conventional bond issues. Now we take a look at a first form of debt finance that does look like a way forward.
In the previous article in this series, we explained, in relation to the necessary and very positive contribution that venture capital funds make to the ecosystem, a few setbacks associated with startups’ exclusive dependence on equity rounds, especially for their founders, and how increasing their debt levels could counter those setbacks. In this new article, we look at the advantages of debt, the opportunity afforded by the current environment and study a few first and hypothetical routes to get debt financing.
In the current situation, obtaining finance can be key for many startups, both to cover cash needs and to be able to implement new growth projects. Therefore, it is essential to identify the public or private aid which is available to entrepreneurs. In this case, we analyze the public aid that can be found in Portugal.