Agribusiness and Food

Serving the entire food chain from all our offices



Garrigues provides legal and tax advice to operators in the agri-food industry, leveraging its thorough knowledge of the legal and tax complexities of the business and its broad technical expertise covering all areas of business law.

We enjoy the trust of the industry: we take part in the vast majority of the major deals in Spain, making us a benchmark adviser.

Thanks to our extensive office network, we are present in the main regions where agriculture, stockbreeding and fishing, in particular, and the food industry in general, are key activities. This on-the-ground insight into each client’s business and our multidisciplinary capacity enables us to provide advice on the entire food chain and on product subsectors.

Our services

M&A deals in this sector are particularly sophisticated and challenging and require experienced industry specialists. We are familiar with the operating intricacies of each crop, product and subsector (cycles, ramp-up periods, habitual dealings between operating companies (OpCos) and owners (PropCos), breeders and growers, and with distributors, among others) as well as the potential issues associated with each element in play, both in asset deals (agri-food factories and farms, agricultural, livestock and aquaculture assets) and in corporate transactions (involving unique corporate forms such as agricultural processing companies (SATs), or the innumerable complexities of individual fruit and vegetable producers’ organizations (OPFHs)).

Integral advice in areas including water law, labeling, traceability and the food supply chain, in relation not only to food products in general but also to supply chain inputs (fertilizers, biostimulants, pesticides, livestock and fish farm feeds and health, condiments, etc.), food safety and environmental requirements, and organic farming and stockbreeding matters.

Our professionals have a great capacity for dialog with the European Commission and the Spanish Ministry of Industry, as well as in-depth knowledge of trade defense procedures, both in the EU and in the different jurisdictions in which we operate.

The sector has specific and complex features, such as permanent seasonal contracts, contingencies arising from foreign labor and recruitment at source, outsourcing and temporary employment agencies, and pay systems, all in relation to individual workers and collective bargaining processes, at both company and industry level.

We assist in drafting international contracts, advising on legal and tax aspects relating to the choice of investment structure and financing for foreign expansion, creation of legal vehicles in other countries, and negotiation and preparation of corporate and contractual documents regulating relationships with local partners, among other matters.

We know that agricultural activities have particular tax and accounting-related intricacies, such as the measurement of product inventory and allocation of costs, subsidies arising from the common agricultural policy, and more. Special VAT and direct taxation rules also apply, as in the case of agricultural cooperatives.

Garrigues handles the defense in court or in arbitration, of disputes arising from commercial relationships in the agri-food sector, including actions regarding specific agricultural or food-related matters (such as harvests, production, integration contracts for livestock, etc.) in the major jurisdictions worldwide, and at specialized courts of arbitration.

Specific government aid packages and subsidies require producer organization and cooperation requirements to be met, as do direct subsidies (for example, operating programs tied to the creation of producer groups and organizations).

We advise clients on the registration, defense and management of plant varieties and other industrial property rights, such as biotech patents and designations of origin, in Spain, the European Union and Latin America. We won an Impact Case of the Year award from Managing IP in 2020 for our work involving plant varieties.

Global heads

Global head

Foto del socio

Carlos Rapallo

+48 22 540 6100



Other Garrigues services